Find Machu Picchu Informations! Did you know Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge at 2,430 metres above sea level?
It is located in the Cusco Region, in Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is located at 80 kilometres northwest of Cuzco city and through which the Urubamba River flows.
Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca Pachacutec(1438–1472). Machu Picchu Citadel is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention in 1911.
Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
Machu Picchu Informations: Weather
Machu Picchu is warm and humid during the day and fresh at night. The temperature ranges between 12ºC and 24ºC.
Generally this site is rainy especially between November and March.
Rains and Humidity
From November to March is the rainy season in Machu Picchu, while between April to November is the dry shiny season.
Machu Picchu has part of the Amazon jungle, and the rains are present in all the seasons. In the hottest days it is possible to achieve approximately 26° Celsius, in the coldest early mornings in June and July the temperature can drop to -2 °C. Its annual average temperature is 16 ° C.
It’s really easy to difference between two seasons: the rainy season (November to March) visitors are recommended to bring appropriate clothing and during the strong sun season (April to October), with a notable temperature increase.
The best months to visit Machu Picchu are May to October. Generally in Machu Picchu it is hot during the day and cold at night.
The tourist must be prepared, because the weather has fluctuations.
The ideal thing is carry a backpack,a sweater of wool, a jacket.
During the day the tourist can use a t-shirt and a comfortable pair of pants. In the dry season (May- November) the sun makes us wear sunglasses, a hat and sun block.
Machu Picchu New Entrance Rules
Peru’s Minister of Culture issued new rules governing all visits to the Machu Picchu Sanctuary.
The rules went into effect July 1, 2017, but have since been updated, which is reflected in this post. The biggest changes of note are:
Visits will now be more strictly timed (at four hours in maximum duration).
No re-entry will be allowed without securing a second permit.
Visitors must enter with a guide on their first visit.
Split Entrance Times
According to the new rules, Machu Picchu will be visited in 2 sessions. The new rules were going to come into operation on July 1st of 2017.
It operates in the following way: Morning session: 6 am – 12 pm Afternoon session: 12 pm – 5:30 pm Remember that readmittance is not permitted once visitors have left the site.
The major difference between the morning and afternoon sessions is that admission is more controlled in the morning.
Three established circuits in Machu Picchu
In the new rules, the government has established 3 circuits for visitors to Machu Picchu.
Visitors must decide which route they will take upon arrival to Machu Picchu with their expert guides.
This decision will depend on the visitors’ interests and physical conditions. Some details about the circuits in Machu Picchu are as follows:
Circuit 1.- Is the most complete route, and the most highly recommended one.
It requires you to be a in good physical condition. first takes you to the upper-sector of the citadel where you will have the best view of Machu Picchu itself, and then it goes through the most beautiful and important buildings.
Circuits 2 u0026amp; 3.- Visit the mid and lower-sectors, and are more suitable for those who want a more relaxing visit. Still, they both take you through beautiful places.
Why are there Alternative Circuits?
Find the best Machu Picchu informations related to alternative circuits:
The alternative circuits are open to Machu Picchu visitors in order to give them some extra options and diversify the hikes.
This also helps reduce crowding in the citadel.
Huayna Picchu Mountain
Huayna Picchu Mountain stands behind Machu Picchu. The views from the top are spectacular, and it only takes 45 minutes to go each way, but the route is quite steep.
If you are interested in this experience, you need to book this in advance.
Also, we highly recommend climbing Huayna Picchu with the second group which is scheduled for 10am because the views during this time are so much better.
This ticket is in combination with the general Machu Picchu entrance ticket; it cannot be purchased separately.
According to the new rules, all visitors to Huayna Picchu need to add 2 extra hours (until 2pm) so that they will have enough time to explore Machu Picchu and hike the mountain.
First entrance: 7 am – 8 am
Second entrance: 10 am – 11 am
Machu Picchu Mountain
Machu Picchu mountain stands just to the left of the citadel.
This climb takes about a total of 2 hours to go up and down. The view from the top is absolutely phenomenal, but it needs to be booked in advance.
This ticket must be purchased in combination with the general Machu Picchu entrance ticket; it cannot be purchased separately.
According to the new rules, all visitors to Machu Picchu Mountain will have an extra 3 hours (until 3pm) so that they will have enough time to explore Machu Picchu and the mountain.
First entrance: 7 am – 8 am
Second entrance: 9 am – 10 am
The Sun Gate
The hike up to the Sun Gate is another option. It’s the entrance that hikers on the Classic Inca Trail enter through in order to arrive to Machu Picchu.
It takes 1 hour to hike and is free and available to all. According to the new rules, it can be visited during the morning session or in the afternoon session.
It is still unsure if the government will give at least 1 hour to that people who want to do this extra hike.
Some important Rules that you should consider when you visit Machu Picchu
We really want to provide you Machu Picchu information, you need to know the most important rules that should be taken into consideration so as to avoid any trouble when you are visiting Machu Picchu.
Any backpacks that are more than 26 liters are not permitted during the tour and must be placed in storage (near the entrance).
It is prohibited to enter with food.
It is prohibited to enter with alcoholic beverages.
It is prohibited to enter with umbrellas (hats, ponchos, and raincoats are permitted).
It is prohibited to enter with photographic tripods or any type of camera stand/support. This is only permitted with pre-authorization and the appropriate permit.
It is prohibited to enter with any musical instruments, including megaphones and speakers.
It is prohibited to enter with high-heeled shoes or any shoe with a hard sole. Only soft soles are permitted (like those found in training shoes or walking shoes/boots).
It is prohibited to enter with children’s strollers or prams. Only strap on baby/child carriers are permitted.
It is prohibited to climb or lean on walls or any part of the citadel.
It is prohibited to touch, move or remove any lithic items / structures.
It is prohibited to enter with walking sticks that contain a metal or hard point. Only elderly people and physically-disable people are permitted to enter with a walking stick with a rubber tip.
It is prohibited to get naked, change clothing, lie down, run and/or jump.
It is prohibited to make loud noises, applaud, shout, whistle and sing. The tranquility and character of Machu Picchu must be maintained at all times.
It is prohibited to smoke or use an electronic cigarette.
It is prohibited to feed the resident or wild animals.
It is prohibited to paraglide and to fly any type of drone or small aircraft.
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