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Altitude Sickness

Sometimes called “mountain sickness,” altitude sickness is a group of symptoms that can strike if you walk or climb to a higher elevation, or altitude, too quickly.
The pressure of the air that surrounds you is called barometric pressure. When you go to higher altitudes, this pressure drops and there is less oxygen available.If you live in a place that’s located at a moderately high altitude, you get used to the air pressure. But if you travel to a place at a higher altitude than you’re used to, your body will need time to adjust to the change in pressure.

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Symptoms

You might have:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue and loss of energy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Problems with sleep
  • Less appetite

Severe symptoms

Symptoms that may indicate life-threatening altitude sickness include:

  • Pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs)
  • Symptoms similar to bronchitis
  • Persistent dry cough
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath even when resting
  • Cerebral edema (swelling of the brain)
  • Headache that does not respond to analgesics
  • Unsteady gait
  • Gradual loss of consciousness
  • Increased nausea and vomiting
  • Retinal hemorrhage

Treatment

If you get a headache and at least one other symptom associated with altitude sickness within a day or two of changing your elevation, you might have altitude sickness. If your symptoms are more severe, you’ll need medical attention.

Your doctor might listen to your chest with a stethoscope or take an X-ray of your chest or an MRI or CT scan of your brain to look for fluid.

Knowing the symptoms of altitude sickness will help you seek treatment early, while the condition is still mild. The most important treatment for any level of altitude sickness is to go down to a lower elevation as soon as possible while remaining safe.

Prevention

Blog Perou Voyage Tours Arequipa suggest: The best way you can lower your chance of getting altitude sickness is through acclimatization. That means you let your body slowly get used to the changes in air pressure as you travel to higher elevations.

Some of the basic guidelines for acclimatization are:

Start your journey in low elevations. If you have to fly or drive somewhere that’s higher up, stop at one destination that’s lower for at least a full day before going any higher.
Drink 3-4 quarts of water every day and make sure about 70% of your calories are coming from carbs.
Don’t use tobacco, alcohol, or other medications, such as sleeping pills.
Know how to identify the first signs of altitude sickness. Immediately move to a lower elevation if you start to develop these symptoms.

Medications

The drug acetazolamide (trade name Diamox) may help some people making a rapid ascent to sleeping altitude above 2,700 metres. Acetazolamide can be taken before symptoms appear as a preventive measure. Acetazolamide, a mild diuretic, works by stimulating the kidneys to secrete more bicarbonate in the urine, thereby acidifying the blood. This change in pH stimulates the respiratory center to increase the depth and frequency of respiration, thus speeding the natural acclimatization process. An undesirable side-effect of acetazolamide is a reduction in aerobic endurance performance. Other minor side effects include a tingle-sensation in hands and feet.

Prior to the onset of altitude sickness, ibuprofen is a suggested non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and painkiller that can help alleviate both the headache and nausea associated with the altitude sickness.


Coca Tea and Coca Leaves

For centuries, indigenous peoples of the Americas such as the Aymaras of the Altiplano and Quechuas, have chewed coca leaves to try to alleviate the symptoms of mild altitude sickness.

Coca Tea

Coca tea, also called mate de coca, is an herbal tea (infusion) made using the raw or dried leaves of the coca plant, which is native to South America. It is made either by submerging the coca leaf or dipping a tea bag in hot water. The tea is most commonly consumed in the Andes mountain range, where it is consumed all around the highlands and Peru. It is greenish yellow in color and has a mild bitter flavor similar to green tea with a more organic sweetness. This tea is known to have quite a few benefits as it contains compounds such as inulin, phytonutrients, and alkaloids. Coca leaves also contain Vitamins A, C, E as well as B2 and B6.

Also, this herbal tea has its own set of side effects as well. Read on to know more about coca leaf tea and how healthy it can be for you.
Benefits Of Coca Tea:

Here are the coca tea benefits:

1. Boosts Energy:

The leaves of the coca plant contain a compound called inulin that gives off a stimulatory effect. According to researchers, it is this compound that makes coca tea boost energy levels in your body. It also helps in stimulating mental focus.

2. Boosts Immune System:

There are high levels of various vitamins in coca tea that may have antioxidant properties. These vitamins may play a role in boosting your immune system.

3. Lowers Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease:

According to research, Vitamins C and E and the antioxidant properties they possess make coca tea beneficial to health. It is these nutrients and their antioxidant action that may help in lowering the risk of developing different types of cardiovascular disease.

4. Alleviates Altitude Sickness:

For centuries, coca tea has been used in South America to relieve the various symptoms of altitude sickness. You can prevent nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and upset stomach by sipping on coca tea. Researchers believe that it is the presence of B vitamins and alkaloids that gives this herbal tea its effect on altitude sickness. This is because coca tea may help in improving the oxygen uptake and blood flow at high altitudes.

5. Relieves Indigestion:

The same alkaloids and vitamins that are present in coca tea make it an effective remedy for indigestion. You can gain relief from gastrointestinal problems by drinking this herbal tea.

6. Regulates Blood Glucose:

Coca leaves also contain calcium, iron, and riboflavin. With Vitamin A, these nutrients may help in regulating blood glucose in your body. This, in turn, enhances metabolism and may play a role in reducing the risk of diabetes, as well as obesity.

7. Promotes Weight Loss:

According to experts, certain alkaloids that are found in coca tea may have the ability to promote weight loss. These alkaloids may play a role in increasing lipolysis that is the process of mobilizing and breaking down fatty acids in your body for energy. When you drink this tea on a regular basis, it may increase your body’s natural ability to burn fat and ultimately help reduce body.

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Peru Tourist Attractions

Tourist can find different reasons for traveling to Peru: great natural wonders, Inca civilization, andes landscapes, Amazon rainforest, arid deserts, colonial buildings, gastronomy,etc.
The most popular touris destinations in Peru: The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, Hike the Colca Canyon, navigate the Titicaca Lake and visit the floating islands, explore the Amazon Rainforest, fly over the mysterious Nazca Lines, Sandboard and dune Buggy in Huacachina, surfing in Mancora beach, discover the Sacred Valley of the Incas, wildlife viewing in Ballestas Islands, sightseeing in Lima, etc.
Travelers to Peru can choice between the different kind of activities: adventure, cultural or adventure tours offered by the different Peru Travel agencies.

1. Travelling to Machu Picchu:

There are different ways for exploring Machu Picchu, you can buy a full day tour to Machu Picchu, trek to Salkantay or hike the Inca Trail, the most important fact is to assure your space and be ready for the adventure.

2. Explore Amazonas Rainforest:

The Peruvian Amazon jungle is the most diverse and prolific section. Meet caiman and paddle canoes along tranquil waterways, here you can explore the river by boat and learn about flora and fauna.

3. Trekking Colca Canyon:

The Colca Canyon is the second deepest canyon in the world. Arequipa tour operators offer different tour packages for taking you to the extra mile. Colca Trekking tour packages are offered according to your physical conditions and this is a good training for the Inca Trail or Salcantay Trek.

4. Floating Islands of Lake Titicaca:

Lake Titicaca is famous for its floating reed islands. The islands are home to the Uros tribe, one that pre-dates the Incan civilization. The floating islands offers an interesting perspective into the lives of Peru’s aboriginal people.

5. Fly over Nazca Lines:

Nazca Lines are ancient geoglyphs that range from wildlife to geometric designs. There are several theories about how and why the geoglyphs were created but it seems nothing is conclusive. The Nazca Lines are one of Peru’s most interesting and peculiar attractions.

6. Paracas National Reserve:

Paracas National Reserve, on Peru’s southern coast, is a desert reserve that occupies most part of the Península de Paracas. It’s a great example of Pacific subtropical coastal desert, with desert extending right to the beach.

7. Sandboard and Buggy in Huacachina:

Huacachina is located near to Ica city. Huachina is a desert village built around a small natural lake with towering sand dunes surrounding it from all sides.

8. Mountain Rainbow:

The Mountain Rainbow is located in Cusco region and becomes a top destination in Peru. As you can see from the above image, the colourful mountain range offers a truly unique experience that highlights the diverse beauty of the Andes.

9. The Sacred Vallye of the Incas:

The Sacred Valley stretches along the Urubamba River from Pisac to Ollantaytambo. Aside from the ruins and archaeological sites, the region is well known for its remarkable landscapes and lush agriculture.

10. Lima City:

Lima city is Peru’s largest metropolitan city often gets overlooked. Lima is extremely rich in history and culture. It has interesting museums, beautiful cathedrals, eerie catacombs, tasty traditional Peruvian cuisine, electric nightlife and endless shopping.

11. Arequipa:

Peru’s ashlar (white stone) city with snow-capped mountains, volcanoes (e.g. Misti), deep canyons (e.g. Cotahuasi and Colca), renowned gastronomy, small coves and beaches. Nestling between the coast and the southern highlands of Peru, Arequipa is the land of with great destinations with heights on snow-capped peaks such as Ampato (6,288 m), volcanoes like Chachani (6,075 m) and El Misti (5,825 m).

12. Cusco:

Cusco’s history lives in its streets, squares, valleys and towns.Stunning destinations and examples of fine engineering by Inca stonemasons can be seen in Choquequirao, Saysayhuamán, Kenko, Tambomachay, Ollantaytambo and Machu Picchu, the Inca jewel built with the wisdom of the ancient Peruvians in an ecological environment. Captivating landscapes such as the Sacred Valley, where the mountains are clothed by terraces.

13. Cajamarca:

The scene of the final days of the Inca Empire, Cajamarca offers its noble Andean heart of sensual landscapes, home to Peru’s best cattle and a remarkable dairy production. It boasts magnificent colonial architecture like the Cathedral and the churches of San Francisco, Belén and Recoleta. This is a land of history with places like the Baños del Inca (Inca Baths), the Ventanillas de Otuzco and Cumbemayo.

14. Ancash:

Among its wide variety of attractions you can find snow-capped mountains, lakes, valleys, beaches and unique flora and fauna. Áncash has strikingly varied scenery, with its high peaks, like the snow-capped mountain Huascarán (6,768 meters above sea level), hundreds of lakes, picturesque valleys, like the Callejón de Huaylas, and trails bordered by eucalyptus trees and retama flowers that cross over the Andes to the archaeological site of Chavín de Huántar.

Peruvian Gastronomy

Peruvian cuisine, considered among the best in the world, inherited its innovation, mix and flavors from Peru’s history. Its culinary fusion developed over a long process of cultural exchange between the Spanish, Africans, Chinese, Japanese and Italians, among others. The dishes became more and more varied as races mixed and migrants landed at the port of Callao.

This fusion gives rise to dishes like the unique anticucho de corazón (skewered cow heart), tacu-tacu stew and carapulcra, dishes which have African heritage. Nutritious pastas arrived along with Italian migrants, whose adaptations have resulted in traditional dishes like green or red pasta. Ceviche, Peruvian’s emblematic dish, emerged from a fusion with Japanese cuisine. Lastly, the trend of Novo-Andean cuisine boasts indigenous foods worthy of the most elegant settings, reclaiming the national flavor that is such an important part of our identity.

5 Reasons to Choose Peru

1. A country that looks to the future. Its economy has grown steadily for 15 years. It has Free Trade Agreements with the main economies of the world, like the US, China and the EU.

2. Near everything. The strategic location of Peru connects it to the main destinations in the world with direct domestic and international flights from Lima.

3. Heritage cities. Lima, Arequipa and Cusco are Unesco World Heritage Sites.

4. World-famous cuisine. Peru is the best culinary destination in the world according to the World Travel Awards. In addition, three Peruvian restaurants are included in the list of the World’s 50 Best Restaurants and nine are in the group of Latin America’s 50 Best Restaurants.

5. Infrastructure and experience. Peru has a modern convention center, numerous international hotel chains, a total capacity of about 13,000 beds in Lima, Arequipa, Paracas and Cusco, and has organized events for more than 12,000 participants in recent years.

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